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A brief note....

The OED has three entries for the word "buffalo":

buffalo, n.

     1. The name of several species of Oxen; esp.    a. Bos bubalus, originally a native of India, inhabiting most of Asia, southern Europe, and northern Africa. It is tamed in India, Italy, and elsewhere.    b. B. caffer, the Cape Buffalo of S. Africa.    c. Applied in popular unscientific use to the American BISON.

    d. collect.

    e. (With capital initial.) A member of the Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffaloes, founded in 1822 for sociable and benevolent purposes. Hence Buffaloism.

    f. An amphibious tank.

    2. ‘A sort of fresh-water fish resembling the Sucker’ (Bartlett).

    3. = buffalo-robe; see 4. colloq. U.S. & Canada.

    4. Short for buffalo-horn: used by cutlers for making handles of pocket-knives; the varieties are black buffalo and grey or coloured buffalo.

    5. Comb., as buffalo-hide, -hunt, -hunter, -hunting, -range, -skin; buffalo-bag (cf. buffalo-robe); buffalo-bean, a milk vetch of the western United States, Astragalus crassicarpus; buffalo-berry, the edible scarlet fruit of a shrub (Shepherdia argentea) found on the Upper Missouri; also the shrub itself; buffalo-bird, an insessorial bird (Textor erythrorhynchus) which accompanies herds of buffaloes in S. Africa; buffalo-chips pl., the dried dung of the American bison, used as fuel; buffalo-clover, a species of clover (Trifolium pennsylvanicum) found in the prairies of N. America; buffalo-fish = sense 2; buffalo fly, gnat, a small biting insect of the genus Simulium; buffalo grass, (a) a kind of grass (Buchloë dactyloides) found in the prairies; also used generally (see quot. 1950); (b) any of various African grasses used for pasture and fodder; (c) Austral. and N.Z., the grass Stenotaphrum americanum, introduced from the United States, and first noticed near Buffalo Creek in New South Wales (Webster 1911); buffalo-horn, (a) the horn of a buffalo; (b) an African tree, Zizyphus mucronata; (c) U.S. (see quot. 18872); buffalo-nut, the fruit of a N. American shrub (Pyrularia oleifera), also called Oil-nut; also the shrub itself; buffalo-robe, a cloak or rug made of the skin of the American bison dressed with the hair on.

Buffalo, n.2

    [< Buffalo, the name of a city in New York State, where the recipe was developed in 1964 at the Anchor Bar.] 

    attrib. Designating a chicken wing deep fried and coated in a spicy sauce; esp. in Buffalo chicken wing, wing.

buffalo, v.

    trans. To overpower, overawe, or constrain by superior force or influence; to outwit, perplex. So ppl. a.

Now, one might imagine that at certain times and places an individual buffalo might overpower, overawe, or constrain by superior force or influence other buffalo in its herd. Thus, one might say that, "Sometimes, buffalo buffalo other buffalo." or, simply,

Buffalo buffalo buffalo.

Now let us consdier those weaker members of the herd which are overpowered, overawed, etc.. We might say that they are "buffalo which other buffalo buffalo," or simply,

buffalo buffalo buffalo

No doubt, as is common with humans, in buffalo herds, the weaker memebers are not content simply to be pushed around, but in turn try to overpower, etc. other herd members. Thus, "Buffalo which other buffalo buffalo in their turn buffalo other vulnerable buffalo." In other words,

Buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo.

One might expect that these weaker but vindictive buffalo tend to interact mostly with each other. Thus, both bullies and victims are likely "buffalo buffalo buffalo. So, we might say that,

Buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo.

Now, and this is the most important point. At one time, Wild Bill Hickock's travelling circus visited Buffalo, NY. With them, they brought a (small) herd of buffalo. Thus, in describing the members of that particular herd at that particular time, we might refer to them as the Buffalo buffalo. And, if we were there and then, providing a description for the audience of what they were seeing, one day, in Buffalo, NY, we might have said,

Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo buffalo.

Unfortunately, the actual comments of the audience in Buffalo, NY were not recorded, and so we do not know how many of them made this astute observation.